Naples is part of the active Campi Flegrei (Phlegraean Fields) volcanic field. Naples hills are mainly modelled by volcanic and volcanotectonic processes. The ancient core of these hills is made up of coalescent tuff cones and a lava dome. Remnants of this ancient activity are draped by a thick succession of pyroclastic deposits comprising large, caldera-forming ignimbrites (Campanian Ignimbrite, 39 ka and Neapolitan Yellow Tuff, 15 ka), phlegraean tephra and monogenetic vents (e.g. Trentaremi and Nisida volcanoes). The western area of Naples collapsed during both ignimbrite episodes. Stratigraphical and geochronological data show that the volcanic activity in the city of Naples has lasted at least 78 ka. This persistent volcanic activity indicates that this urban sector of the Campi Flegrei volcanic field, could be considered as a likely eruption location for the next event.