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Production and circulation of thin walled pottery from the Roman port of Neapolis, Campania (Italy)

 

Vincenza Guarinoa, Alberto De Bonisa, Illuminata Fagab , Daniela Giampaolac, Celestino Grifad, Alessio Langellad, Viviana Liuzzaa, Raffaella Pierobon Benoitb, Paola Romanoa, Vincenzo Morraa

 
aDipartimento di Scienze della Terra, dell’Ambiente e delle Risorse, Università degli Studi di Napoli
Federico II, via Mezzocannone 8, 80134 Napoli, Italy
bDipartimento di Studi Umanistici, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, via Marina 33, 80133
Napoli, Italy
cSoprintendenza Archeologia della Campania, Via Trotula de Ruggiero, 6-7, 84100 Salerno, Italy
dDipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie, Università del Sannio, via dei Mulini 59/A, 82100 Benevento, Italy
 
Periodico di Mineralogia (2016) 85, 95-114
 
 
 
Abstract
 
Seventeen samples of thin walled pottery from the Roman port of Neapolis (late II century BC - early III century AD) were studied in order to ascertain the type of clay and temper utilised, and their provenance. Seven samples of thin walled pottery from a homogeneous group (based on mineralogical and chemical characteristics) represent a local production of this ceramic class within the Neapolis area. This group was manufactured with a low-CaO clay, that probably derived from a weathered or alluvial deposit, together with reworked pyroclastic material (e.g., Sorrento area or Sebeto River plain) and volcanic sand from the Neapolitan area, containing both Somma-Vesuvius and Phlegraean Fields products. Two
other fragments could be attributed to different Campanian production areas, such as the Pozzuoli area. Eight outlier fragments found in the port of Neapolis probably originate from extra regional production sites (e.g., southern Tuscany or the Arno valley).