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C. Nunziata and F. Gerecitano

VS crustal models of the Roccamonfina volcano and relationships with Neapolitan volcanoes (southern Italy)

Volume 101, Number 5 (2012), 1371-1383

DOI: 10.1007/s00531-011-0722-7


Shear wave velocities of the crust and upper mantle are defined beneath the Roccamonfina volcano and surrounding Apennines (southern Italy) from the simultaneous nonlinear inversion of the local group velocity dispersion data, obtained from seismic events recorded in 1988–2004 at Roccamonfina station of the INGV-RSNC network, and regional dispersion data obtained in previous studies. The main features of the representative VS models are a carbonatic basement and a low velocity zone at 6–10 km of depth. The sedimentary succession is ~5 km thick below the Roccamonfina volcano and lays above a high VS (3.8 km/s) ascribable to solidified magma body, while it is ~10 km thick below the surrounding Apennines. A low velocity layer with an average thickness of 10 km is detected below the Roccamonfina volcano which can be associated with the presence of partial melting and interpreted as magmatic reservoir. Such low velocity layer, also found below the surrounding Apennines but with a reduced thickness of 2–3 km, extends to the Campanian Plain and to the Neapolitan volcanic area, from Campi Flegrei to Somma-Vesuvius.