P. Cappelletti, G. Rapisardo, B. de Gennaro , A. Colella, A. Langella, S. F. Graziano, D. L. Bish, M. de Gennaro
Immobilization of Cs and Sr in aluminosilicate matrices derived from natural zeolites
Journal of Nuclear Materials 414 (2011) 451–457
Three Italian zeolitized volcanoclastic deposits with predominant phillipsite, chabazite or clinoptilolite were selected to investigate their attitude to form ceramized products of the Cs- and Sr-enriched forms and to evaluate the effectiveness of immobilization by means of leaching tests. The mineralogical evolution was carefully followed after thermal treatments at increasing temperatures (800 C up to 1100 C) which led to the crystallization of prevailing pollucite for Cs-exchanged phillipsite and chabazite and of a Sr-feldspar (about 35 wt.%) along with cristobalite and amorphous matter for all Sr-exchanged zeolites. Cs-enriched clinoptilolite at the same temperature was almost totally amorphous. Leaching testsconfirm the substantial immobilization of the polluting cations in the ceramized materials with slight higher values only for the Cs-enriched clinoptilolite, mostly amorphous. Finally, calorimetric tests account for a hydrolysis process widely decreasing after thermal treatments at 1100 C for phillipsite and chabazite, both Cs- and Sr-enriched, substantially similar for Sr-enriched clinoptilolite and definitely increased in the prevailing amorphous Cs-enriched clinoptilolite.