Info utili

Research topics in

Volcanology

 
Academic staff:: Paola Petrosino (Responsible), Nicoletta Santangelo, Alessandra Ascione, Elda Russo Ermolli; PhD: Fabio Carmine Mazzeo,  Gianmarco Buono
 
Stratigraphy and geology in volcanic areas:detailed investigation on the deposits of several eruptions from Somma-Vesuvio and Campi Flegrei, mainly aimed at defining eruptive and depositional mechanisms, and geological mapping in volcanic areas (Campi Flegrei, Pontine Islands).
Tephrostratigraphy and tephrochronology: main aims of this reserch topic are to identify, characterize, analize and date distal tephra layers embedded to both marine (central-southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Montalbano Jonico) and continental (Sessano e Boiano basins, Acerno basin, Pantano di San Gregorio Magno) sedimentary sequences. The research topic is part of the wider framework of the Quaternary Geology.  
Volcanic hazard and risk assessment:taking full advantages of the spatial analysis available in a Geographic Information System (GIS) platform,  we propose new methodologies to assess volcanic risk both at central volcanoes and volcanic fields. Within this frame, volcanic hazard and risk maps for active volcanoes of Campania (Somma-Vesuvio, Campi Flegrei, Isola d'Ischia) have been drawn, evacuation plan schemes hypothesized in case of an impending volcanic crisis at Campi Flegrei and new procedures coded for multihazard assessment in an active volcanic area (Ischia Island).
Fluid Dynamics of Pyroclastic  Density Currents:  the fluid dynamic behavior ofboth artificial and natural granular mixtures is investigated aiming at better understanding the fluidization mechanism in pyroclastic density currents. Groundbreaking apparatuses (e.g. rotary drums)  and methodologies are  used for the fluidization of mixture made up of pyroclastic grains, in order to simulate the behavior of natural pyroclastic mixtures within pyroclastic density currents.
Geosites in volcanic areas: popularization of geological heritage in active volcanic areas ios proposed, together with fruition projects of potential geosites at Campi Flegrei and Somma-Vesuvio, bringing out their role as a vital tool to enhance awareness of resident population towards volcanic risk.
 
Multi-source volcanic risk map of the Campania Region. The entire territory was divided into ten classes. The red shades indicate the highest risk areas while the light blue indicates very low risk areas
 
 
Pyroclastic mixture after the fluidization test. On the top of the bed, the segregation of the lightest material (pumice and limestone lithic fragments, light in colour), on the bottom of the bed the segregation of the heaviest material (lava lithic fragments and crystals, dark in colour) can be observed
Main partnerships:
Dipartimento di Biologia, Ecologia e Scienze della Terra Università della Calabria (dott. G. Robustelli, dott. P. Donato), Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Università di Napoli "Parthenope" (prof. G. Pappone, P.  Aucelli), Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e Geoambientali Università degli Studi di Bari A. Moro (prof. M. Marino, dott. P. Maiorano), Dipartimento di Bioscienze e Territorio (prof. C.M. Rosskopf), Dipartimento di Scienze Psicologiche, della Salute e del Territorio - Università degli Studi "G. D'Annunzio" Chieti-Pescara (prof. P. Boncio), CNR IAMC - Napoli (dott. F. Lirer, D.D. Insinga, M. Sacchi, A. Milia, I. Alberico), INGV-OV (dott. L. Pappalardo, I. Arienzo), Department of Geoscience - University of Wisconsin- Madison USA (dr. B. Jicha), Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (CEA-CNRS-UVSQ), Gif Sur Yvette Cedex, France (dr. S. Nomade).
 
Principali pubblicazioni
ALBERICO I., GILIBERTI I., INSINGA D.D., PETROSINO P., VALLEFUOCO M., LIRER F., BONOMO S., CASCELLA A., ANZALONE E., BARRA R., MARSELLA E., FERRARO L. (2017) Marine sediment cores database for the Mediterranean Basin: a tool for past climatic and environmental studies. Open Geosciences,9, 221–239http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/geo-2017-0019
MAZZEO F.C., ZANETTI A., AULINAS M., PETROSINO P., ARIENZO I., D’ANTONIO M. (2017)  Evidence for an intra-oceanic affinity of the serpentinized peridotites from the Mt. Pollino ophiolites (Southern Ligurian Tethys): Insights into the peculiar tectonic evolution of the Southern Apennines. Lithos, 284–285, 367–380http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2017.04.019
SPARICE D.,  SCARPATI C., MAZZEO F. C.,PETROSINO P., ARIENZO I., GISBERT G., PETRELLI M. (2017)New proximal tephras at Somma-Vesuvius: evidences of a pre-caldera, large (?) explosive eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 335, 71–81https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.02.004
REDI D., CANNATELLI C., ESPOSITO R., PETROSINO P., LIMA A. (2017) Somma-Vesuvius’ activity: a mineral chemistry database. Mineralogy and Petrology111 (1), 43–67http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00710-016-0462-2
BELKIN H.E.,  ROLANDI G., JACKSONC J.C., CANNATELLI C., DOHERTY A.L., PETROSINO P., DE VIVO B. (2016) Mineralogy and geochemistry of the older (> 40 ka) ignimbrites on the Campanian Plain, southern Italy.  Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 323, 1-18 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.05.002
MARGARITELLI G., VALLEFUOCO M., DI RITA F., BELLUCCI L.G.,  INSINGA D.D., PETROSINO P., BONOMO S., CACHO I., CAPOTONDI L., CASCELLA A., FERRARO, L., FLORINDO F., LUBRITTO C., LURCOCK P.C., MAGRI D., PELOSI N., RETTORI R., LIRER F. (2016) Marine response to climate changes during the last four millennia in the central Mediterranean Sea. Global and Planetary Change 142, 53-72 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.04.007
PETROSINO P.,MORABITO S.,JICHA B.R.,MILIA A., SPROVIERI M., TAMBURRINO S. (2016) Multidisciplinary tephrochronological correlation of marker events in the eastern Tyrrhenian Sea between 48 and 105 ka. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 315, 79-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.02.001
ALBERICO I., PETROSINO P. (2015)The hazard indices as a tool to support the territorial planning: The case study of Ischia island (Southern Italy). Engineering Geology, 197, 225-239https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2015.08.025
ALBERICO I., DI FIORE V., IAVARONE R. , PETROSINO ., PIEMONTESE L., TARALLO D., PUNZO M., MARSELLA E. (2015).The Tsunami Vulnerability Assessment of Urban Environments through Freely Available Datasets: The Case Study of Napoli City (Southern Italy). Journal of Marine Science and Engineering Science 3(3), 981-1005 http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jmse30x000x
MARINO M.,  BERTINI A.,  CIARANFI N., AIELLO G.,  BARRA D.,  GALLICCHIO S,  GIRONE A., LA PERNA, R.,  LIRER, F.,  MAIORANO P., PETROSINO P., TOTI F. (2015)   Paleoenvironmental and climatostratigraphic insights for Marine Isotope Stage 19 (Pleistocene) at the Montalbano Jonico succession, South Italy.Quaternary International, 383, 104-115http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2015.01.043
PETROSINO P.,JICHA B.R., MAZZEO F.C., CIARANFI N., GIRONE A., MAIORANO P., MARINO M.   (2015) The Montalbano Jonico marine succession: an archive for distal tephra layers at the Early-Middle Pleistocene boundary in southern Italy. Quaternary International 383, 89-103doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.10.049
CAPPELLETTI P., PETROSINO P., DE GENNARO M., COLELLA A., GRAZIANO S.F., D’AMORE M., MERCURIO M., CERRI G., DE GENNARO R., RAPISARDO G., LANGELLA A.(2015) The "Tufo Giallo della Via Tiberina" (Sabatini Volcanic District, Central Italy): a complex system of lithification in a pyroclastic current deposit.  Mineralogy and Petrology, 109(1), 85-101http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00710-014-0357-z
MORABITO S.,PETROSINO P., MILIA A., SPROVIERI M., TAMBURRINO S. (2014)    A multidisciplinary approach for reconstructing the stratigraphic framework of the last 40 ka in a bathial area of the eastern Tyrrhenian Sea.Global and Planetary Change 123 (A), 121-138 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2014.10.005
ROBUSTELLI G., RUSSO ERMOLLI E., PETROSINO P., JICHA B. SARDELLA R., DONATO P. (2014) Tectonic and cimatic control on geomorphological and sedimentary evolution of the Mercure basin, southern Apennines, Italy. Geomorphology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.02.026
ALBERICO I ., PETROSINO P. (2014)Territorial evolution and volcanic hazard at Ischia island (Southern Italy). Journal of Maps, 10 (2), 238-248,http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17445647.2014.893846
PETROSINO P., JICHA B.R., MAZZEO F.C., RUSSO ERMOLLI E. (2014) A high resolution tephrochronological record of MIS 14-12  in the Southern Apennines (Acerno basin, Italy).Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 274, 34-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.01.014
ASCIONE A., MAZZOLI S., PETROSINO P., VALENTE E. (2013) A decoupled kinematic model for active normal faults: Insights from the 1980, MS = 6.9 Irpinia earthquake, southern Italy. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 125, 1239-1259, http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/B30814.1
LIRER F., SPROVIERI M., FERRARO L., VALLEFUOCO M., CAPOTONDI L., CASCELLA A., PETROSINO P., INSINGA D.D., PELOSI N., TAMBURRINO S., LUBRITTO C. (2013) Integrated stratigraphy for the Late Quaternary in the eastern Tyrrhenian Sea. Quaternary International,292, 71-85, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2012.08.2055
ALBERICO I., PETROSINO P., MAGLIONE G., BRUNO L., CAPALDO F. S., DAL PIAZ A., LIRER L., MAZZOLA S. (2012). Mapping the vulnerability for evacuation of the Campi Flegrei territorial system in case of a volcanic unrest.Natural Hazards, 52, p. 1-32, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11069-012-0335
TAMBURRINO S., INSINGA D.D., SPROVIERI M., PETROSINO P., TIEPOLO M (2012). Major and trace element characterization of tephra layers offshore Pantelleria Island: new insights into the last 200 ka volcanic activity on land and implications for the Mediterranean tephrochronology.Journal of Quaternary Science, 27, 129-140.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jqs.1504
ARMIERO V., PETROSINO P., LIRER L., ALBERICO I. (2011) The GeoCaF project: proposal of a geosites network at Campi Flegrei (southern Italy). Geoheritage, 3, 195-219, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12371-011-0033-1
ALBERICO   I., LIRER L., PETROSINO P.  (2011) Volcanic hazard and risk assessment in a multi-source volcanic area: the example of Napoli city ( Southern Italy). Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 11, 1057-1070,http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/nhess-11-1057-2011
MAIORANO P., CAPOTONDI L., CIARANFI N., GIRONE A., LIRER F.,  MARINO M., PELOSI N., PETROSINO P., PISCITELLI A. (2010) Vrica-Crotone and Montalbano Jonico sections: a potential unit-stratotype of the Calabrian Stage. Episodes, 33(4), 218-233
LIRER L., PETROSINO P., ALBERICO   I. (2010).  Hazard and risk assessment in a complex multi-source volcanic area: the example of the Campania region, ItalyBulletin of Volcanology,   72, 411-  429 
DANIELE P., LIRER L.,PETROSINO P., SPINELLI N., PETERSON R. (2009).Applications of the PUFF model to forecasts of volcanic clouds dispersal from Etna and Vesuvio. Computer and Geoscience, 35, 1035-1049,http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cageo.2008.06.002
BARESCHINO P., GRAVINA T., LIRER L., MARZOCCHELLA A., PETROSINO P., SALATINO P. (2008) Self-fluidization of subaerial rapid granular flows Powder Technology, 182, 323-333, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2007.12.010
BARESCHINO P., GRAVINA T., LIRER L., MARZOCCHELLA A., PETROSINO P., SALATINO P.  (2007) Fluidization and de-aeration of pyroclastic mixtures: the influence of fines content, polydispersity and shear flow.  Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research,164 (4), 284-292,http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.05.013