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Research topics in

 

Integrated geophysical studies for seismotectonics, geothermics, deep crust; environmental, mining and engineering geophysics; archeogeophysics

 
Responsible: Giovanni Florio
 
Group: Maurizio Fedi, Valeria Paoletti, Mauro La Manna, Maurizio Milano, Giuseppe Langella, Davide Lo Re, Federico Cella, Yemane Equbamariam, Ramin Varfinezhad, Saeed Parnow
 
 
This research line is based on our 20 years expertise in geophysical prospection and data interpretation applied to different geological and applied geology studies, which are listed in more detail below. The techniques used for data analysis and interpretation are mainly those proposed and published by our research group. All these activities have a feedback in publications on several topics.
  • Geophysics applied to geothermic studies: evaluation of the geothermic potential of an area based on hydrological and temperature data; evaluation of the depth to the carbonate basement (gravimetric and magnetometric methods) and of the Curie isotherm for geothermal studies.
  • Geophysical characterization of the deep crust: deep crust modeling (magnetometric/gravity satellite and airborne surveys, at continental scale) (Fig. 1);
  • Geophysics applied to seismo-tectonics: integrated analysis of seismological, gravity, deformation and geo-structural data for identification and characterization of active faults in seismogenetic areas;
  • Environmental geophysics: surveys on iron deposits, landfill percolate, metallic drums, UXO (magnetometric method, GPR, FDEM, EM, resistivity);
  • Engineering geophysics: surveys for and on civil engineering works (microgravimetry, magnetometric and geoelectrical methods, GPR, FDEM);
  • Mining geophysics: surveys and modeling of mining deposits, their localization and physical characterization; total mass estimate of mining deposits;
  • Archaeogeophysics: investigations on buried archaeological structures and cultural heritage monuments and building (magnetometric and geoelectrical methods, GPR, FDEM, gravity);
  • Geophysics for volcanological studies: airborne (magnetometric, EM and gamma-ray) surveys in volcanic areas; characterization of the structural features of volcanic areas.
 
 
 
Fig. 1. Fractal gravity model of the low-density volume of the Neapolitan volcanic area: (a) Synthetic gravity field generated by the 3D fractal model shown in plots (b and c) (plan view). The structural lineaments (blue lines in plot c) are from Florio et al. (1999). Figure from Fedi et al. (2018).
 
Projects
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH PROJECT ON:EXPLORING FOR HYDROCARBONS WITH GRAVITY AND MAGNETIC METHODS IN OFFSHORE EGYPT, between DISTAR and Edison International S.p.A., 2017-2018.
 
National Collaborations:
- Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS), Trieste
- Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Section of Catania
- Osservatorio Vesuviano (OV), INGV Section of Naples
- Università degli Studi della Calabria (UNICAL), Cosenza
- Università degli Studi Suor Orsola Benincasa, Naples
- Università del Salento, Lecce
- Dipartimento di Matematica e Geoscienze, Università di Trieste
- Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Ambientale e Architettura, Università di  
   Cagliari
- C.N.R., Section of Pisa
- C.N.R., IREA- Istituto per il Rilevamento Elettronico dell'Ambiente, Naples
- C.N.R., IAMC- Istituto per l'Ambiente Marino Costiero, Naples
- INNOVA – Scarl, Naples
- Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici, Università Federico II, Naples
- Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università Federico II, Naples
 
International Collaborations:
- Geological Survey of Austria (GSA), Vienna
 
 
Selected Publications:
 
Fedi M., Cella F., D’Antonio M., Florio G., Paoletti V., Morra V., 2018: Gravity modeling finds a large magma body in the deep crust below the Gulf of Naples, Italy, Scientific Reports, 8:8229. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-26346-z.
 
Luiso P., Paoletti V., Nappi R., Manna M., Cella F., Gaudiosi G., Fedi M., Iorio M., 2018: A multidisciplinary approach to characterize the geometry of active faults: the example of Mt. Massico, Southern Italy, Geophysical Journal International, 213, 1673–1681.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggy080.
 
Paoletti V., Fedi M., Florio G., 2017: The structure of the Ischia Volcanic Island from magnetic and gravity data. Annals of Geophysics, 60, Suppl. to 6, GM674, http://dx.doi.org/10.4401/ag-7550
 
Langella G., Paoletti V., DiPippo R., Amoresano A., Steinunnardóttir K., Milano M., 2017: The Krafla Geothermal System, Northeastern Iceland: Performance Assessment of Alternative Plant Configurations, Geothermics, 69, 74–92.
 
Fedi M., Cella F., Florio G., La Manna M., Paoletti V., 2017: GEOMAGNETOMETRY for Archaeology, (pagg. 203–230) in: N. Masini & F. Soldovieri (Eds.), Sensing the past. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015, ISSN 2365-0575, 593 pp.
 
Luiso P., Paoletti V., Gaudiosi G., Nappi R., Cella F., Fedi M., 2017: The 2016 Seismic sequence in central Italy: a multi-method approach to constrain the geometry of the Mt. Vettore - Mt. Bove fault system. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 19, EGU2017-6790-2, 42nd General Assembly of the European Geophysical Society (EGU), Vienna, Austria, 23–28 Aprile, 2017.
 
LO RE D., FLORIO G., FERRANTI L., IALONGO S. E CASTIELLO G., 2016: Self-constrained inversion of microgravity data along a segment of the Irpinia fault, JOURNAL OF APPLIED Geophysics, 124, 148–154 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jappgeo.2015.12.002
 
Paoletti V., Passaro S., Fedi M., Marino C., Tamburrino S., Ventura G., 2016: Sub-circular conduits and dikes offshore the Somma-Vesuvius volcano revealed by magnetic and seismic data, Geophysical Research Letters, 43(18), 9544–9551,
 
Paoletti V., Gruber S., Varley N., D'Antonio M., Supper R., Motschka K., 2016: Insights into the structure and surface geology of Isla Socorro, Mexico from airborne magnetic and gamma-ray surveys. Surveys in Geophysics, 37, 601–623,
 
Luiso P., Paoletti V., Gaudiosi G., Nappi R., Cella F., Fedi M., 2016: Identification of Active Faults in Abruzzo Area (Central Italy) through the Analysis of Geological, Seismological and Gravimetric Data. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 18, EGU2016-681, 41st General Assembly of the European Geophysical Society (EGU), Vienna, Austria, 17–22 Aprile, 2016.
 
Luiso P., Paoletti V., Gaudiosi G., Nappi R., Cella F., Fedi M., 2016: Analysis of the San Giuliano Di Puglia (Southern Italy) Active Faults: an Integrated Approach. 88° Congresso della Società Geologica Italiana, Napoli, 7–9 Settembre 2016.
 
Paoletti V., Cicchella M.G., Fedi M., Florio G., La Manna M., Pappalardo U., 2016: Integrated Geophysical Investigation of a Buried Roman Villa in Pompeii. 88° Congresso della Società Geologica Italiana, Napoli, 7–9 Settembre 2016.
 
Montanari D., Albanese C., Catalano R., Contino A., Fedi M., Gola G., Iorio M., La Manna M. Monteleone S., Trumpy E., Valenti V., Manzella A., 2015: Contour map of the top of the regional geothermal reservoir of Sicily (Italy). Journal of Maps, 11(1), 13-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17445647.2014.935503
 
NEGRI S., MARGIOTTA S., QUARTA T.A.M., CASTIELLO G., FEDI M., E FLORIO G., 2015: Integrated analysis of geological and geophysical data for the detection of underground man-made caves in an area in southern Italy. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 77(1) 52–62. http://dx.doi.org/10.4311/2014ES0107
 
Cella F., Paoletti V., Florio G., Fedi M., 2015: Characterizing elements of urban planning in Magna Graecia using geophysical techniques: The case of Tirena (Southern Italy). Archaeological Prospection, 22, 207–219.
 
Cella F., Fedi M., 2015: High-Resolution Geophysical 3D Imaging for Archaeology by Magnetic and EM data: The Case of the Iron Age Settlement of Torre Galli, Southern Italy. Surveys in Geophysics, 36(6): 831-850. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10712-015-9341-3
 
Paoletti V., Langella G., Di Napoli R., Amoresano A., Meo S., Pecoraino G., Aiuppa A., 2015. A tool for evaluating geothermal power exploitability and its applicatin to Ischia, Southern Italy. Applied Energy, 139, 303–312, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.11.009
 
Supper R., Paoletti V., Okuma S., 2015: Airborne magnetic mapping of volcanic areas – state of the art and future perspectives. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 17, EGU2015-12527, 40th General Assembly of the European Geophysical Society (EGU), Vienna, Austria, 12–17 Aprile, 2015.
 
Paoletti V., Marino C., Fedi M., Passaro S., Tamburrino S., 2015: High-resolution geophysical study of Somma-Vesuvius offshore (Southern Italy), 26715, 8th Congress of the Balkan Geophysical Society, Chania, Grecia, 5–8 Ottobre, 2015. p. 1–5.
 
Paoletti V., Supper R., Varley N., Gruber s., D’Antonio M., Motschka K., 2015: Insights into the structure of Socorro island, Mexico, from high-resolution aeromagnetic data. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 17, EGU2015-13039, 40th General Assembly of the European Geophysical Society (EGU), Vienna, Austria, 12–17 Aprile, 2015.
 
Paoletti V., Marino C., Fedi M., Passaro S., Tamburrino S., 2015: High-resolution geophysical study of Somma-Vesuvius offshore (Southern Italy), 26715, 8th Congress of the Balkan Geophysical Society, Chania, Grecia, 5–8 Ottobre, 2015. p. 1–5.
 
GELETTI R., ZGUR F., DEL BEN A., BURIOLA F., FAIS S., FEDI M., FORTE E., MOCNIK A., PAOLETTI V., PIPAN M., RAMELLA R., ROMEO R., ROMI A., 2014. THE MESSINIAN SALINITY CRISIS: NEW SEISMIC EVIDENCE IN THE WEST-SARDINIAN MARGIN AND EASTERN SARDO-PROVENÇAL BASIN (WEST MEDITERRANEAN SEA). MARINE GEOLOGY, 351, 76–90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.MARGEO.2014.03.019
 
Montanari, D., Albanese, C., Catalano, R., Contino, A., Fedi, M., Gola, G., Iorio M., La Manna M., Monteleone S., Trumpy E., Valenti V., Manzella A., 2014. Contour map of the top of the regional geothermal reservoir of Sicily (Italy). JOURNAL OF MAPS, vol. 10, p. 1-12, ISSN: 1744-5647, HTTP://DX.DOI.ORG/10.1080/17445647.2014.935503
 
PAOLETTI V., D'ANTONIO M., RAPOLLA A., 2013. THE STRUCTURAL SETTING OF THE ISCHIA ISLAND WITHIN THE NEAPOLITAN VOLCANIC AREA: INFERENCES FROM GEOPHYSICS AND GEOCHEMISTRY. JOURNAL OF VOLCANOLOGY AND GEOTHERMAL RESEARCH, 249, 155–173. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.JVOLGEORES.2012.10.002
 
GAUDIOSI, G., ALESSIO, G., CELLA, F., FEDI, M., FLORIO, G., NAPPI, R., 2012. Multiparametric data analysis for seismic source identification in the Campanian area: Merging of seismological, structural and gravimetric data. Bollettino di Geofisica Teorica ed Applicata 53 (3), 283-298. http://dx.doi.org/10.4430/bgta0050
 
Ialongo S., Mondillo N., Boni M., Florio G., Fedi M., Arseneau V., 2012. Alteration of tonalite bodies at Yanque Zn-Pb deposit (Cuzco, Peru): geology and geomagnetism. SEG 2012 Conference, 23-26 September 2012, Lima, Perù.
 
FLORIO G., FEDI M., CELLA F., 2011. INSIGHTS ON THE SPREADING OF TYRRHENIAN SEA FROM THE MAGNETIC ANOMALY PATTERN. TERRA NOVA, 23(2), 127–133, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/J.1365-3121.2011.00992.X
 
CASTIELLO G., FLORIO G., GRIMALDI M., FEDI M., 2010. Enhanced methods for interpreting microgravity anomalies in urban areas. First Break, 28, 8, 93-98.
 
Cella F., Ferranti L., Florio G., Maschio L., 2010.  New insights on some structural geometries in Southern Apennines by multiscale analysis of potential fields. EGM 2010 International Workshop Adding new value to Electromagnetic, Gravity and Magnetic Methods for Exploration Capri, Italy, April 11-14, 2010.
 
Florio G., Cella F., Pierobon R., Castaldo R., Castiello G., Fedi M., 2010. Geophysical survey at Tell Barri (Syria). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 12, 9898, European Geosciences Union. General Assembly 2010. Vienna, MaY 2010.
 
GRECO F., CURRENTI G., DEL NEGRO C., NAPOLI R., BUDETTA G., FEDI M., BOSCHI E., 2010. SPATIOTEMPORAL GRAVITY VARIATIONS TO LOOK DEEP INTO THE SOUTHERN FLANK OF ETNA VOLCANO. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, 115(B11). http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009JB006835
 
Passaro S., de Alteriis G., Milano G., Fedi M. and Florio G., 2010. The western submerged sector of the Ischia volcanic island (Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy): new insights into its volcano-tectonic evolution. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 12, 11985, European Geosciences Union. General Assembly 2010. Vienna, MaY 2010.
 
CASTALDO R., CROCCO L., FEDI M., GAROFALO B., PERSICO R., ROSSI A., SOLDOVIERI F., 2009. GPR MICROWAVE TOMOGRAPHY FOR DIAGNOSTIC ANALYSIS OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES: THE CASE OF A HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION IN PONTECAGNANO (SOUTHERN ITALY). ARCHAEOLOGICAL PROSPECTION, 16(3), 203–217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ARP.362
 
FLORIO G., FEDI M., RAPOLLA A., 2009. INTERPRETATION OF REGIONAL AEROMAGNETIC DATA BY THE SCALING FUNCTION METHOD: THE CASE OF SOUTHERN APENNINES (ITALY). GEOPHYSICAL PROSPECTING, 57, 479–489. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2478.2009.00807.x