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Geomorphology and Quaternary Geology

PhD doctors and students: Maria Rosaria Ruello, Ettore Valente, Manuela Palumbo, Corrado Stanislao, Sergio Nardò

Main research topics:
  • Tectonic geomorphology: long term relief evolution, marine terraces, active tectonics
  • Applied geomorphology: flash flood hazard, geomorphology of urban areas, geomorphological mapping for territorial planning (e.g., protected marine areas, underwater archaeological parks, artificial basins)
  • Geosites and geotourism
  • Multi-proxy based paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental reconstructions
  • Tephrostratigraphy and tephrochronology
  • Coastal and underwater geomorphology, and morphodynamics of transitional environments
The studies are carried out by means of multidisciplinary approaches combining geomorphological (topography analysis, topographic surveys, field surveys, aerial photo interpretation, 2D and 3D fractal analysis;  InSAR data analysis techniques), stratigraphic (trenches and borehole executions and sampling, logs), sedimentological (granulometric, textural and morphoscopic analysis), palynological and paleontological (integrated biostratigraphic and palaeocolologic analysis).
Among the main results:
- Southern Apennines paleolandscape reconstructions
- Map of faults showing evidence of activity during the late Quaternary in the southern Apennines
- Ancient coastline reconstructions along the Campania and Basilicata coast (MIS 7, 5 and 1)
- Paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental history of lacustrine basins of southern Italy
- Morphosedimentary, stratigraphic, paleoecological and geochemical characterization aiming to the reconstruction of evolutionary dynamics of Mediterranean coastlands and lagoons
- Analysis of hydrogeomorphological and morphosedimentary aspects of dam-river-coast systems in Mediterranean climate areas
- Chronostratigraphy of marine and continental sedimentary sequences through distal tephra layers characterization
- Development of software for paleontological, palynological, stratigraphic, geomorphological, granulometric data and fractal analyses
- Coastal hazard evaluation along the Campania rocky sea cliffs and sandy littorals
- Coastal defence and recovery techniques, dune ridge restoration, search forsubmarinesandquarries, littoral dewatering, recovery of artificial basins
- Flash flood hazard evaluation 
- Geoheritage and Geotourism (Cilento-Vallo Di Diano Geopark; Phlaegrean Fields, Taburno - Camposauro, and MateseRegional Parks)
Active research collaborations
Geochronology: Laboratorio di Geochimica Università di Roma Tre (U-Th datings): Prof. P. Tuccimei; CIRCE, Caserta (14C datings): Prof. F. Terrasi; University of Madison, Wisconsin, USA (Ar/Ar datings): B. Jicha
Paleoenvironmental reconstructions: CEREGE, Université d’Aix-Marseille, France: Proff. C. Morhange and N. Marriner
Applied Geology:Dip. di Ingegneria Geotecnica ed Ambientale (DIGA), Università di Napoli Federico II: Prof. A. Santo and Dr.Giovanni Forte and Melania De falco
Applied Geomorphology: Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics - Université de Lausanne: Prof Dr Stuart Lane; Capodistrian and National University of Athens, Prof. Niki Evelpidou
Terrestrial Cosmonuclides: Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USA: Prof. F.J. Pazzaglia
Low-Temperature Thermochrononometry: Dip. di Geoscienze, Università di Padova: Prof. M. Zattin
Soil gas analysis: CNR-IGAG, Roma: Dr. G. Ciotoli; Dip. Di Scienze della Terra, Università di Roma Sapienza: Prof. S. Bigi
Coastal Geomorphology: Dept. of Geology, University of Patras, Greece: Prof. L. Stamatopoulos
Subacqueous Geomorphology: IAMC-CNR, Napoli: Dr. G. de Alteriis
Fluvial Geomorphology: University of California, Berkeley, USA: Prof. G.M. Kondolf; Universitad de Madrid, España: Prof. F. Magdaleno-Mas
Seismology:Dip. di Fisica, Università di Napoli Federico II: Prof. A. Zollo
Prehistory: Dept. Préhistoire, Museum National Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France: V. Lebreton
Botanic e paleobotanic: Orto botanico di Napoli, Università di Napoli Federico II: Dr. M.R. Barone, Dr. P. Cennamo, Prof. A. Moretti
Statistics and Data Analysis: Statistic and Data Analysis Group, Dept. of Computer Science, Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Girona University, Spain,
Recent publications
Santangelo N. Romano P., Ascione A., Russo Ermolli E. (2017) Quaternary Evolution of Southern Apennines coastal plains. A review. Geol Carph 68, 1, 43-56. doi: 10.1515/geoca-2017-0004.
Santo A., Santangelo N., Forte G., De Falco M., (2016) Post flash flood survey: the October 14th and 15th 2015 event in the Paupisi-Solopaca area (Southern Italy). Journal of Maps, in press.
Buscher, J.T., Ascione, A., & Valente, E. (2017). Decoding the role of tectonics, incision and lithology on drainage divide migration in the Mt. Alpi region, southern Apennines, Italy. Geomorphology, 276, 37-50,
Valente, E., Ascione, A., Ciotoli, G., Cozzolino, M., Porfido, S., Sciarra, A. (2017) Do moderate magnitude earthquakes generate seismically induced ground effects? The case study of the Mw = 5.16, 29th December 2013 Matese earthquake (southern Apennines, Italy). Int J Earth Sci (Geol Rundsch), in press, doi:10.1007/s00531-017-1506-5
Balassone G., Aiello G., Barra D., Cappelletti P., De Bonis A., Donadio C., Guida M., Melluso L., Morra V., Parisi R., Pennetta M., Siciliano A. (2016) Effects of anthropogenic activities in a Mediterranean coastland: the case study of the Falerno-Domitio littoral in Campania, Tyrrhenian Sea (southern Italy). Marine Pollution Bullettin, 112, 271-290,
Barattolo F., Donadio C., Pennetta M., Perriello Zampelli S. (2016) 8 Isola di Capri.In: Calcaterra D., Mazzoli S., Petti F.M., Carmina B., Zuccari A. (eds.), Guide Geologiche Regionali. Campania e Molise. 13 Itinerari. 1 edizione, Società Geologica Italiana, Roma, 171-186.
Mangoni O., Aiello G., Balbi S., Barra D., Bolinesi F., Donadio C., Ferrara L., Guida M., Parisi R., Pennetta M., Trifuoggi M., Arienzo M. (2016) A multidisciplinary approach for the characterization of the coastalmarine ecosystems of Monte Di Procida (Campania, Italy).Marine Pollution Bullettin, 112, 443-451,
Pennetta M., Brancato V.M., De Muro S., Gioia D., Kalb C., Stanislao C., Valente A., Donadio C. (2016) Morpho-sedimentary features and sediment transport model of the submerged beach of the ‘Pineta della foce del Garigliano’ SCI Site (Caserta, southern Italy). Journal of Maps, 12(1), 139-146,
Pennetta M., Stanislao C., D'ambrosio V., Marchese F., Minopoli C., Trocciola A., Valente R., Donadio C. (2016) Geomorphological features of the archaeological marine area of Sinuessa in Campania, southern Italy. Quaternary International, 425, 198-213,
Santangelo N., Ascione A., Petrosino P., Puoti M., Santo A. (2016) New geomorphological and stratigraphical constraints to the recent tectonic activity of the Calore river fault system. 35° Convegno Nazionale Gruppo Nazionale di Geofisica della Terra Solida (GNGTS), Lecce 22-24 Novembre 2016 Atti - Tema 1.
Santangelo N., Bravi S., Santo A. (2016) Guide Geologiche Regionali - Campania e Molise - Itinerario 12 Piana del Sele, Monti Alburni e Vallo di Diano. In : Società Geologica Italiana, Guide Geologiche Regionali - Campania e Molise, Calcaterra D.,
D'Argenio B., Ferranti L., Pappone G., Petrosino P. Editors, 227-242, ISBN9788894022728.
Vennari C., Santangelo N., Parise M. and Santo A. (2016) A database on flash flood events in Campania, southern Italy, with an evaluation of their spatial and temporal distribution Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 2485–2500. doi:10.5194/nhess-16-2485-2016.
Ascione A. (2016) Caratteri ed evoluzione dei paesaggi campano-molisani. In : Società Geologica Italiana, Guide Geologiche Regionali - Campania e Molise, Calcaterra D., D'Argenio B., Ferranti L., Pappone G., Petrosino P. Editors, 7-19, ISBN9788894022728.
Santo A., Santangelo N., Di Crescenzo G., Scorpio V., De Falco M., Chirico G.B. (2015) Flash flood occurence and magnitude assessment in an alluvial fan context: the October 2011 event in the Southern Apennines. Natural Hazards, DOI: 10.1007/s11069-015-1728-4 
Scorpio V., Santangelo N. & Santo A. (2015): Multiscale map analysis in alluvial fan flood-prone areas, Journal of Maps, DOI: 10.1080/17445647.2015.1027155.
Di Martire, D., Ascione, A., Calcaterra, D., Pappalardo, G., & Mazzoli, S. (2015). Quaternary deformation in SE Sicily: Insights into the life and cycles of forebulge fault systems. Lithosphere, 7(5), 519-534.
Ascione A., Iannace A., Imbriale P., Santangelo N., Santo A., 2014. Tufa and travertines of Southern Italy: deep-seated, fault-related CO2 as the key control in precipitation. Terra Nova, 26, 1, 1-13,
Pennetta M., Russo F., Donadio C., 2014. Late Quaternary environmental evolution of the intermontane Valle Caudina basin, southern Italy. In: Intermontane basins: Quaternary morphoevolution of Central-Southern Italy, D'Argenio B. Ed.: v. 25, Suppl. 2, 231-240, Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei,
Petrosino P., Jicha B., Mazzeo F., Russo Ermolli E., 2014. A high resolution tephrochronological record of MIS 14-12 in the Southern Apennines (Acerno basin, Italy). J. Volcan. Geothermal Res., 274, 34-50,
Robustelli G., Russo Ermolli E., Petrosino P., Jicha B., Sardella R., Donato P., 2014. Tectonic and climatic controls on geomorphological and sedimentary evolution of the Mercure basin, Southern Apennines, Italy. Geomorphology, 214, 423-435,
Russo Ermolli E., Di Donato V., Martin-Fernandez J., Orain R., Lebreton V., Piovesan G., 2014. Vegetation patterns in the Southern Apennines (Italy) during MIS 13: deciphering pollen variability along a NW-SE transect. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol.,
Santangelo N., Romano P., Santo A., 2014. Geo-itineraries at the Cilento Vallo di Diano GEOPARK: a tool for tourism development in Southern Italy. Geoheritage,
Stamatopoulos L., Aiello G., Barra D., De Pippo T., Donadio C., Valente A., 2014. Morphological and palaeo-environmental evolution of the Lagoon of Papas, southwestern Greece, during the Holocene. It. J. Geosci., 133(2),
Mazzoli, S., Ascione, A., Buscher, J. T., Pignalosa, A., Valente, E., & Zattin, M. (2014). Low‐angle normal faulting and focused exhumation associated with late Pliocene change in tectonic style in the southern Apennines (Italy). Tectonics, 33(9), 1802-1818.
Santo, A., Ascione, A., Di Crescenzo, G., Miccadei, E., Piacentini, T., & Valente, E. (2014). Tectonic-geomorphological map of the middle Aterno river valley (Abruzzo, Central Italy). Journal of Maps, 10(3), 365-378.