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Research Area

GEOARCHAEOLOGY

 
PhD students and participants: Maria Rosaria Ruello, Halinka Di Lorenzo, Corrado Stanislao
 
By integrating Earth Science and Archaeological methods, Geoarchaeology allows investigating the recent history of our territory. The main aims are reconstructing the palaeoenvironmental and palaeogeographical changes that affected the landscapes and highlighting the complex interaction between man and environment during the last millennia. The strict collaboration with researchers of other scientific and humanistic disciplines allows obtaining a wide and complete framework of the landscape evolution around an archaeological site. The multidisciplinary approach integrates direct and indirect data, and involves: analyses of sediments in excavation trenches and boreholes (sedimentology, morphoscopy and morphometry, micropaleontology and palynology); tridimensional reconstruction of buried and underwater paleosurfaces and paleomorphologies by integrating surface and subsurface data, sonar and seabed surveys.
 
 
Main fields of research:
- shoreline fluctuations and the Graeco-Roman harbor of Neapolis
- the ancient landscape of Parthenope and Neapolis from the foundation to modern times
- human induced morphodynamic changes of the landscape around Elea-Velia
- the coastal landscape of southern Calabria from the Bronze to the Middle Ages
- man-environment interactions along the coastal areas of southern Italy
- changes in the vegetational ladscape: natural vs human induced forcing
- times and modes in the evolution of the cultural landscape of southern Italy
- morphoevolution of the emerged and submerged waterscape of Sinuessa since Graeco-Roman times
- Neanderthalian and Paleolithic site of the Roccia San Sebastiano cave
- analysis of underwater geoarchaeological data along the Campania coasts for the evaluation of ground vertical motions since the Graeco-Roman Period
 
 
Main collaborations:
Soprintendenza Archeologia Belle Arti e Paesaggio, Naples
Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici, University of Naples Federico II
Dipartimento di Biologia and Orto Botanico, University of Naples Federico II
Department of Geology, University of Patras, Greece
INGV, Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples
CEREGE – CNRS, Aix-en-Provence (FR)
Universitè Aix-Marseille (FR)
Cambridge University (UK)
La Sapienza – University of Rome
ENEA – Portici (NA)
 
Selected publications:
Amato V., Aucelli P.P.C., Cinque A., D’Argenio B., Di Donato V., Pappone G., Petrosino P., Rosskopf C.M., Russo Ermolli E., 2011. Holocene palaeo-geographical evolution of the Sele river coastal plain: new morpho-sedimentary data from the Paestum area. Il Quaternario24, 5-7.
Amato V., Aucelli P., D’argenio B., Da Prato S., Ferraro L., Pappone G., Petrosino P., Rosskopf C.M., Russo Ermolli E., 2012. Holocene environmental evolution of the costal sector in front of the Poseidonia-Paestum archaeological area (Sele plain, southern Italy). Rendiconti Lincei Scienze Fisiche e Naturali 23, 45-59.
Amato V., Aucelli P.P.C., Ciampo G., Cinque A., Di Donato V., Pappone G., Petrosino P., Romano P., Rosskopf C.M., Russo Ermolli E., 2013. Relative sea level changes and paleogeographical evolution of the southern Sele plain (Italy) during the Holocene. Quaternary International288, 112-128.
Russo Ermolli E., Romano P., Ruello M.R., 2013. Human-environment interactions in the southern Tyrrhenian coastal area: hypothesis from Neapolis and Elea-Velia. In: Harris W.V. (Ed.), The ancient Mediterranean environment between science and history, Columbia Studies in the Classical Tradition 39, BRILL Leiden-Boston, ISBN 978-90-04-25343-8, pp. 213-232.
Ascione A., Donadio C., Pennetta M., Romano P., Russo Ermolli E., Santangelo N., 2014. Trenta anni di ricerca geomorfologica in Appennino campano In: Carmen M. Rosskopf, Pietro P.C. Aucelli (Eds.), Evoluzione geomorfologica di lungo termine del paesaggio nell'Italia meridionale. Il contributo delle Università locali. AGR Editrice - Arti Grafiche la Regione srl, Ripalimosani (CB), pp.65-86.
Russo Ermolli E., Romano P., Ruello M.R., Barone Lumaga M.R., 2014. The natural and cultural landscape of Naples (southern Italy) during the Graeco-Roman and Late Antique periods. Journal of Archaeological Science 42, 399-411. 
Pennetta M., Russo F., Donadio C., 2014. Late Quaternary environmental evolution of the intermontane Valle Caudina basin, southern Italy. In: Intermontane basins: Quaternary morphoevolution of Central-Southern Italy. Rendiconti Lincei Scienze Fisiche e Naturali 25(2), 231-240.
Pennetta M., Stanislao C., D'ambrosio V., Marchese F., Minopoli C., Trocciola A., Valente R., Donadio C., 2016. Geomorphological features of the archaeological marine area of Sinuessa in Campania, southern Italy. Quaternary International425, 198-213.
Romano P., Russo Ermolli E., Ruello M.R., Ferraro G., Jung R., Di Donato V., Insolvibile N., Pacciarelli M., 2016. Coastal landscapes at Punta di Zambrone (Capo Vaticano, Calabria) and suitability for harbour facilities during the Bronze Age. In: Jung R., (Ed.) 1200 B.C.E. A Time of Breakdown – a Time of Progress in Southern Italy and Greece. Edizioni OREA, in press.
Romano P., Russo Ermolli E., Ruello M.R., Ciampo G., Di Donato V., Rivieccio M., Filocamo F., Apreda P., Terrasi F. 2016. La Piana di Sant’Eufemia (Calabria) nell’Olocene: ambienti, paesaggi e occupazione antropica. In: Cicala, L., Pacciarelli, M. (Eds.), Centri fortificati indigeni della Calabria dall'età protostorica all'età ellenistica, Atti del Convegno Internazionale, Napoli 2014, in press.
Santangelo N., Romano P., Ascione A., Russo Ermolli E., 2017. Quaternary evolution of the Southern Apennines coastal plains. A review. Geologica Carpathica, doi: 10.1515/geoca-2017-0004
Di Donato V., Ruello M.R., Liuzza V., Carsana V., Giampaola D., Di Vito M., Morhange C., Cinque A., Russo Ermolli E., 2017. Development and decline of the ancient harbor of Neapolis. Geoarchaeology, in press.
Ruello, M.R., Cinque, A., Di Donato, V., Molisso, F., Terrasi, F., Russo Ermolli, E., 2017. Interplay between sea level rise and tectonics in the Holocene evolution of the St. Eufemia Plain (Calabria, Italy). Journal of Coastal Conservation, in press.
Russo Ermolli, E., Ruello, M.R., Cicala L., Di Lorenzo H., Molisso, F., Pacciarelli M., 2017. An 8300-yr record of environmental and cultural changes in the St. Eufemia Plain (Calabria, Italy). Quaternary International, in press.
Santo A., Santangelo N., De Falco M., Di Lorenzo H., Russo Ermolli E., 2017. Sinhkole hazard in the Campanian Plain (southern Italy): the prehistoric case study of Fossa San Vito. New Technologies, Hazards and Geoarcheology, Athens, 3 nov. 2017.