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Applied Mineralogy

 
Researchers involved: : P. Cappelletti (Responsible), A. ColellaR. de GennaroV. MorraD. Calcaterra, M. D’Amore, S.F. Graziano, A.C. Angrisani, C. Di Benedetto
 
Research are focused at the exploitation of mineral resources Italian with particular regard to industrial minerals and rocks. In this area there are multiple research lines.
Study of pyroclastic deposits (especially Italian but also foreign) that underwent  secondary mineralization processes that led to the formation of minerals of high industrial interest. In this area have been reconstructed the genetic mechanisms of zeolites in some of the most important Italian formations and particularly the Neapolitan Yellow Tuff, the Ignimbrite Campana, the Tufo Giallo della Via Tiberina and volcanoclastites of northern Sardinia; regarding foreign deposits, pyroclastics of the Canary Islands, Eifel (Germany) and Mexico were studied. These studies have demonstrated that the zeolite minerals deposits related to peculiar depositional mechanism such as pyroclastic flow, or more generally, from interaction with waters can not be traced back to one of the six genetic models proposed by Mumpton (1979) and for a correct interpretation of the process, the acquisition of detailed geological and mainly volcanological information are required. Alongside researches were conducted on crystal chemistry features of some mentioned above deposits in order to deepen mineralogical structural information on those zeolites 
 
A. Langella, D.L. Bish, P. Cappelletti, G. Cerri, A. Colella, R. de Gennaro, S.F. Graziano, A. Perrotta, C. Scarpati, M. de Gennaro (2013). New insights into the mineralogical facies distribution of Campanian Ignimbrite, a relevant Italian industrial material. APPLIED CLAY SCIENCE, vol. 72, p. 55-73, ISSN: 0169-1317, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2013.01.008
M. Ostrooumov, P. Cappelletti, R. de Gennaro (2012). Mineralogical study of zeolite from New Mexican deposits (Cuitzeo area, Michoacan, Mexico). APPLIED CLAY SCIENCE, vol. 55, p. 27-35, ISSN: 0169-1317, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2011.09.011
G. Diego Gatta, V. Kahlenberg, R. Kaindl, N. Rotiroti, P. Cappelletti, M. de’ Gennaro (2010). Crystal structure and low-temperature behavior of “disordered” thomsonite. AMERICAN MINERALOGIST, vol. 95, p. 495-502, ISSN: 0003-004X, http://dx.doi.org/10.2138/am.2010.3353
G. D. Gatta, P. Cappelletti, A. Langella (2010). Crystal-chemistry of phillipsites from the Neapolitan Yellow Tuff. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MINERALOGY, vol. 22, p. 779-786, ISSN: 0935-1221, http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/0935-1221/2010/0022-2027
G. D. Gatta, P. Cappelletti, N. Rotiroti, C. Slebodnick, R. Rinaldi (2009). New insights into the crystal structure and crystal chemistry of the zeolite phillipsite. AMERICAN MINERALOGIST, vol. 94, p. 190-199, ISSN: 0003-004X, http://dx.doi.org/10.2138/am.2009.3032
P. Cappelletti, G. Cerri, M. de Gennaro, A. Langella , A. Perrotta , C. Scarpati (2003). Post-eruptive processes in the Campanian Ignimbrite. MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY, p. 79-97, ISSN: 0930-0708
Langella A., Cappelletti P, de Gennaro R. (2001). Zeolites in Closed Hydrologic Systems. REVIEWS IN MINERALOGY, vol. 45, p. 235-260, ISSN: 0275-0279
Cerri G., P. Cappelletti, Langella A., de Gennaro M. (2001). Zeolitization of Oligo-Miocene volcaniclastic rocks from Logudoro (northern Sardinia, Italy). CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY, vol. 140 (4), p. 404-421, ISSN: 0010-7999
M. de Gennaro, P. Cappelletti, A. Langella, A. Perrotta, C. Scarpati (2000). Genesis of zeolites in the Neapolitan Yellow Tuff: geological, volcanological and mineralogical evidences. CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY, vol. 139 (1), p. 17-35, ISSN: 0010-7999
 
Use of zeolitites in areas of technological interest.
In particular, it was demonstrated the possibility of using the tuffs of Campania, containing phillipsite and chabazite, for soils remediation/amendation. Particular attention was paid to the possibility of use of such materials in the ceramic sector, with a melting role , in partial replacement of traditional and more expensive feldspars, both as a raw material for the preparation of expanded lightweight aggregate (LWA). This methodology was finally extended to the recovery of waste in the natural stone for the production of LWA for the packaging of structural lightweight concretes.
 
de Gennaro R., Graziano S.F., Cappelletti P., Colella A., Dondi M., Langella A., de Gennaro M. (2009). Structural concrete with waste-based lightweight aggregates: from landfill to engineered materials. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, vol. 43, p. 7123-7129, ISSN: 0013-936X, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es9012257
R. de Gennaro, A. Langella, M. D'Amore, M. Dondi, A. Colella, P. Cappelletti, M. de' Gennaro (2008). Use of zeolite-rich rocks and waste materials for the production of structural lightweight concretes. APPLIED CLAY SCIENCE, vol. 41, p. 61-72, ISSN: 0169-1317, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2007.09.008
de Gennaro R, P. Cappelletti, Cerri G, de Gennaro M, Dondi M, Graziano S.F, Langella A (2007). Campanian Ignimbrite as raw material for lightweight aggregates. APPLIED CLAY SCIENCE, vol. 37, p. 115-126, ISSN: 0169-1317
de Gennaro R, Dondi M, Cappelletti P, Cerri G, M. De Gennaro, Guarini G, Langella A, Parlato L, Zanelli C (2007). Zeolite-feldspar epiclastic rocks as flux in ceramic tile manufacturing. MICROPOROUS AND MESOPOROUS MATERIALS, vol. 105, p. 273-278, ISSN: 1387-1811
de Gennaro R., P. Cappelletti, Cerri G., De Gennaro M., Dondi M., Langella A. (2005). Neapolitan yellow tuff as raw material for lightweight aggregates in lightweight structural concrete production. APPLIED CLAY SCIENCE, vol. 28, p. 309-319, ISSN: 0169-1317
de Gennaro R., Cappelletti P., de Gennaro M., Cerri G., Dondi M., Langella A. (2004). Zeolitic tuffs as raw materials for lightweight aggregates. APPLIED CLAY SCIENCE, vol. 25, p. 71-81, ISSN: 0169-1317
 
Use of zeolitites in the pharmaceutical sector.
The collaboration undertaken with the Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Pavia in the past and more recently with the departments of Chemical Engineering, Materials and Production and Industrial Pharmacy of Federico II , financed by a PRIN, allowed to demonstrate that rocks with a high content of zeolite may be used as a cation-releasing-carrier for antibiotics in topical applications. In fact, it is possible to use zeolitites, with prevalent clinoptilolite, then a low-cost material, such as inorganic carrier capable of transmitting ions Zn2 +. This showed benefit, from the action of zinc adjuvant, when applied together with an antibiotic (erythromycin) in anti-acne therapy.
Use of zeolitites in the environmental sector
Recent research are directed primarily to the treatment of wastewater from nuclear power plants and the subsequent neutralization of contaminated materials and the evaluation of the risk induced in animal feed made from mineral products
 
M. Mercurio, A. Langella, P. Cappelletti, B. de Gennaro, V. Monetti, M. de Gennaro (2012). May the use of Italian volcanic zeolite-rich tuffs as additives in animal diet represent a risk for the human health?. PERIODICO DI MINERALOGIA, vol. 81, p. 393-407, ISSN: 0369-8963, http://dx.doi.org/10.2451/2012PM0023
P. Cappelletti, G. Rapisardo, B. de Gennaro, A. Colella, A. Langella, S. F. Graziano, D. L. Bish, M. de Gennaro (2011). Immobilization of Cs and Sr in aluminosilicate matrices derived from natural zeolites. JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS, vol. 414, p. 451-457, ISSN: 0022-3115, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2011.05.032
Langella A., Pansini M., Cerri G., P. Cappelletti, de Gennaro M. (2003). Thermal behaviour and stability of natural and cation exchanged clinoptilolite from Sardinia (Italy). CLAYS AND CLAY MINERALS, vol. 51 (6), p. 625-633, ISSN: 0009-8604
de Gennaro B., Langella A, Pansini M, Cappelletti P, de Gennaro M, Colella C (2000). NH4+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ exchange for Na+ in a sedimentary clinoptilolite, North Sardinia, Italy. MICROPOROUS AND MESOPOROUS MATERIALS, vol. 37, p. 337-343, ISSN: 1387-1811, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1387-1811(99)00276-0
 
The Applied Mineralogy for Cultural Heritage
The working group has participated in the establishment of the Regional Competence Centre for Development and Transfer of Innovation Applied to Cultural Heritage and Environment INNOVA in which he made the cross-thematic Laboratory and Diagnostic Techniques Aimed at Restoration and the Preservation of Assets cultural with the participation of researchers of the Faculty of Architecture, Engineering and Sciences.
Searches are mainly directed to the study of the rocks of the Campania used as ornamental stones, and to provide a contribution of knowledge and ideas on these materials so widely used in historical architecture of Campania is to check whether the conditions for a recovery of sites ancient extraction and a consequent enhancement of these materials. This activity is carried out in close collaboration with experts in architectural history and restoration, as the main purpose of the research is to improve the knowledge on the stone when placed in work, interpreting degradation processes that involve and then collect all the useful information for the preparation of a project that gives long-lasting results. An important role in this phase is done by the diagnostic and in particular by the built-in diagnostics that allows, through the contribution of multidisciplinary experiences, to know and interpret the historical architecture and guide the intervention. This is to: improve the cognitive phase, improving the operational phases of intervention and reduce the cost of implementation of specialized investigation optimizing and integrating the diagnostic tests that, through a shared project, will be reduced to those strictly necessary.
 
A. Langella, D. Calcaterra, P. Cappelletti, A. Colella, M. P. D’Albora, V. Morra, M. de Gennaro (2009). Lava stones from Neapolitan volcanic districts in the architecture of Campania region, Italy. ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES, vol. 59, p. 145-160, ISSN: 1866-6280, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12665-009-0012-x
Calcaterra D., Langella A., de Gennaro R., de Gennaro M., Cappelletti P. (2005). Piperno from Campi Flegrei: a relevant stone in the historical and monumental heritage of Naples (Italy). ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY, vol. 47, p. 341-352, ISSN: 0943-0105
Carta L, Calcaterra D, Cappelletti P, Langella A, M. de Gennaro (2005). The stone materials in the historical architecture of the ancient center of Sassari: distribution and state of conservation. JOURNAL OF CULTURAL HERITAGE, vol. 6, p. 277-286, ISSN: 1296-2074
Calcaterra D., Cappelletti P., Langella A., Colella A., M. de Gennaro (2004). The ornamental stones of Caserta province: the Campanian Ignimbrite in the medieval architecture of Casertavecchia. JOURNAL OF CULTURAL HERITAGE, vol. 5, p. 137-148, ISSN: 1296-2074
 
Collaborations:
- Prof. A. Langella, dr. M. Mercurio: Dipartimento di Scienze per la Biologia, la Geologia e l'Ambiente Università del Sannio di Benevento
- Prof. Aldo Aveta, Prof. A. Buccaro, Prof. G. Marino: Dipartimento di Storia e Restauro Federico II;
- Prof. B. de Gennaro Dipartimento d’Ingegneria dei Materiali e della Produzione, Federico II;
- Prof. A. De Simone: Università Suor Orsola Benincasa
- Prof. G. Oggiano, dott. G. Cerri, dott. P. Mameli: Dipartimento di Scienze Botaniche, Ecologiche e Geologiche Università di Sassari;
- Prof. M. Pansini: Laboratorio Materiali del Dipartimento di Meccanica, Strutture, Ambiente e Territorio dell’Universita` di Cassino;
- Prof. R. Laviano: Dipartimento Geomineralogico Università di Bari;
- Prof. D. Gatta: Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Milano
- Prof. A. Pezzino: Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche Università di Catania;
- Prof. D. Bish.: Geology Department, Indiana University Bloomington (USA)
- Prof. Emilio Galàn, Prof. M.A. Dora Vazquez: Department of Crystallography and Mineralogy Univ. Siviglia (Spagna).
- Dott. M. Dondi, dott. C. Zanelli: Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali Ceramici, CNR-ISTEC;
- Dott. S. Fiore: CNR, Istituto di Metodologie per l’analisi Ambientale, Laboratorio di Geologia Medica e Ambientale;
 
Enti e Società con le quali si collabora:
• Italiana Zeoliti Pigneto (MO),
• CimProgetti, Dott. G. Vola:;
• Cementir,Spoleto (PG) Dott. F. Zenone, Ing. S. Zampaletta;
• Istituto Internazionale del Marmo (MI) Ing. P. Marone;
• Marmomacchine (MI) Ing. P. Marone;
• Istituto Nazionale per il Commercio Estero, Area Beni Strumentali,