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 Research Themes in 

 Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology

 
Researchers:
 
Post-Doc’s and Ph.D. students:
A.C. Angrisani, P. Confuorto, M. Del Soldato, F. Fusco, S. Mineo, A. Novellino, S. Tessitore
M. T. Carratù, D. Infante, G. Ruggieri, C. Sepe, R. Tufano
 
 
   
 
Main research themes of the Engineering Geology group:
 
1)  landslide hazard and risk analysis (study areas: southern Apennines, Calabria, Sicilia), at both district and detailed scale, with GIS applications;
2)  shallow landslide susceptibility analysis, at both district and detailed scale, in volcaniclastic soil-mantled slopes of Campania, as related to GIS assessment of morphological-morphometric and geological controlling factors;
3)  characterization of residual soils and weathering processes in crystalline rock masses of Calabria and of the related geomorphological and engineering-geological implications;
4)  analysis and interpretation of ground deformations (due to landslides, subsidence, sinkholes) through conventional and innovative (remote sensing) techniques;
5)  analysis of causes, effects and processes of degradation of stone materials used in past and current construction industry;
6)  engineering-geological characterization of rock masses and rock slope landslide susceptibility assessments;
7)  analysis of triggering mechanisms of shallow and deep-seated landslides through reconstruction of engineering-geological models;
8)  analysis of rainfall sequences triggering shallow landslides by means of empirical and physically-based models;
9)  hydrological monitoring of surficial deposits to study hillslope hydrological processes and assess predisposing and triggering conditions to landsliding;
10)  seismic characterization of the structurally complex formations outcropping in the Southern Apennine chain;
11)  development of engineering-geological models for seismic vulnerability assessment of critical infrastructures;
12)  application of Infrared Termography to remote surveying of fractured rock masses;
13)  groundwater flow and transport modelling in porous and fractured media;
14)  assessment of groundwater compositional and environmental indexes in complex aquifer systems and implementation of geostatistical techniques;
15)  aquifer vulnerability and groundwater pollution risk assessment by GIS modelling;
16)  hydrogeochemical and hydrogeological characterization of thermal and mineral groundwater resources in karst and volcanic aquifers;
17)  climate change impact on groundwater recharge of karst aquifers in southern Apennines;
18)  characterization, management and remediation of polluted aquifers by multidisciplinary approaches;
19)  modelling of infiltration-recharge processes in karst aquifers of southern Italy at different spatial and temporal scales;
20)  analysis of saltwater intrusion in coastal aquifers and development of procedures for the sustainable management of groundwater resources;
21)  development of hydrogeological conceptual models, analytical methodologies and sampling procedures in contaminated sites;
22)  fluctuations of groundwater levels in urban areas and analyses of their impact through conventional and innovative (remote sensing) techniques.
 
Such studies are usually carried out within a multidisciplinary context, integrating different approaches, such as: qualitative and quantitative GIS assessment of geomorphological and morphometric factors; reconstruction of Digital Elevation Models; photo-interpretation and photogrammetry; engineering-geological and hydrogeological surveying; laboratory and field testing and interpretation; design, installation and control of field soil hydrological monitoring stations; field-based and remote-sensing measurements. For the hydrogeological researches, the following experimental methodologies are commonly applied: field monitoring of piezometric levels and spring discharges; hydrochemical, isotopic, microbiological and hydrogeophysical measurements; hydraulic and hydrodynamic characterization of aquifers; conceptual hydrogeological modeling and cartography, from regional to local scale . 
 
Landslide susceptibility/hazard and risk assessment cartography, obtained by means of heuristical, statistical and physically-based methods, together with hydrogeological cartography, can be evidenced among the main products deriving from the group’s research activities.
 
Main research partnerships:
ITALY
Universities and Research Centers
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica e delle Tecnologie dell'Informazione UNINA
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Edile ed Ambientale UNINA
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale UNINA
Università degli Studi del Molise - Groundwater Research Centre e Laboratorio StreGa
Università degli Studi della Campania L. Vanvitelli
Università del Sannio
Università della Calabria
Università della Tuscia
Università di Catania
Università di Firenze
Università di Genova
Università di Padova
Università di Pavia
Università di Parma
Università La Sapienza Roma
ISPRA – Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale
Istituto Nazionale Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Osservatorio Vesuviano
CNR – IREA
CNR – IRPI
ENEA – Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development.
CIRCE  (Center for Isotopic Research on the Cultural and Environmental heritage)
INNOVA S.C.a.R.L. (Centre for Development and Transfer of Innovation for Cutural and Environmental Heritage)
DATABENC S.C.a.R.L. (High Technology Consortium for Cultural Heritage)
 
STRESS S.C.a.R.L. (High Technology Research Center for Sustainable Construction)
 
 
Other Authorities
Acquedotto Pugliese S.p.A.
Alto Calore Servizi S.p.A.
Autorità di bacino regionale della Campania Centrale
Autorità di bacino regionale Campania Sud ed Interregionale per il bacino idrografico del Fiume Sele
Fondazione MIdA (Musei Integrati dell’Ambiente) – Grotte di Pertosa - Auletta
Parco Nazionale del Cilento e Vallo di Diano
Parco Regionale dei Monti Picentini
Parco Regionale del Partenio
Comuni di Massa Lubrense (NA), Casalnuovo di Napoli (NA), Volla (NA), Castel S. Lorenzo (SA), Moio della Civitella (SA), Agnone (IS), Palma Campania (NA)
Consorzio di Bonifica dell’Ufita
 
INTERNATIONAL
 
UPC (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya)
IGME (Instituto Geológico y Minero de España)
British Geological Survey
U.S. Geological Survey (Landslide Hazard Program)
U.S. Geological Survey (Unsaturated Zone Flow Project)
Universitad de Alicante
Istanbul University
NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Pasadena (CA), USA
 
 
 
 
Papers:
 
Allocca V., Coda S., De Vita P., Iorio A., Viola R. (2016). Groundwater levels and impacts in urban and semirural areas around Naples (southern Italy). Rend. Online Soc. Geol. It., 41 (2016), 14-17
 
Allocca V., De Vita P., Manna F., Nimmo J.R. (2015) - Groundwater recharge assessment at local and episodic scale in a soil mantled perched karst aquifer in southern Italy. Journal of Hydrology, 529, 843-853. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.08.032.
 
Allocca V., Manna F., De Vita P. (2014) - Estimating annual groundwater recharge coefficient for karst aquifers of the southern Apennines (Italy). Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18, 803–817, doi:10.5194/hess-18-803-2014.
 
Arienzo M., Allocca V., Manna F., Trifuoggi M., Ferrara L. (2015). Effectiveness of a physical barrier for contaminant control in an unconfined coastal plain aquifer: the case study of the former industrial site of Bagnoli (Naples, southern Italy). Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, (2015) 187:761.
 
Bucci A., Allocca V., Naclerio G., Capobianco G., Divino F., G., Fiorillo F., Celico F., 2015. Winter survival of microbial contaminants in soil: An in situ investigation. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 27 (2015) 131-138.
 
Bucci A., Petrella E., Naclerio G., Allocca V., Celico F., 2015. Microorganisms as contaminants and natural tracers: a 10-year research in some carbonate aquifers (southern Italy). Environ Earth Sci, Volume 74, Issue 1, 173-184 (2015).
 
Carotenuto F., Angrisani A. C., Bakthiari A., Carratù M. T., Di Martire D., Finicelli G. F., Raia P., Calcaterra D., (2017). A New Statistical Approach for Landslide Susceptibility Assessment in the Urban Area of Napoli (Italy). Springer International Publishing AG 2017 M. Mikoš et al. (eds.), Advancing Culture of Living with Landslides, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-53498-5_100
 
Cevasco A., De Vita P. (2015). Engineering Geological Analyses for Hazard Assessment of the Urbanized, Relict Lemeglio Coastal Landslide (Eastern Liguria, Italy). Lollino G., Manconi A., Guzzetti F., Culshaw M., Bobrowsky P., Luino F. (eds.), Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Urban Geology, Sustainable Planning and Landscape Exploitation, 5, 827-830. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-09048-1_160, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
 
Colella A., Di Benedetto C.,  Calcaterra D., Cappelletti P.,  D'Amore M.,  Di Martire D.,  Graziano S.F.,  Papa L.,  de Gennaro M.,  Langella A., (2017). The Neapolitan Yellow Tuff: An outstanding example of heterogeneity. Construction and Building Materials 136 (2017) 361–373. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.01.053
 
Confuorto P., Di Martire D., Centolanza G., Iglesias R., Mallorqui J. J., Novellino A., Plank S., Ramondini M., Thuro K., Calcaterra D., (2017). Post-failure evolution analysis of a rainfall-triggered landslide by Multi-Temporal Interferometry SAR approaches integrated with geotechnical analysis. Remote Sensing of Environment, 188, 51-72.
 
De Vita P., Allocca V., Di Clemente E., Fusco F., Manna F., Mastrogiovanni G., Napolitano E. (2015). The Instability of Colluvial Mantle in Turbidite Flysch Series of the Cilento Region (Campania-Southern Italy): the November 26, 2010, Ostigliano Translational Slide. Lollino G., Giordan D., Crosta G.B., Corominas J., Azzam R., Wasowski J., Sciarra N. (eds.), Engineering Geology for Society and Territory – Landslide Processes, 2, 1045-1048. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-09057-3_184, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
 
De Vita P., La Barbera G., Carratù M.T. (2014) - Evolutionary kinematics and geological features of the large Pisciotta rock slide (Cilento Geopark, Campania, southern Italy). In: Latest trends in Engineering Mechanics, Structures, Engineering Geology (Viccione G., Guarnaccia C. Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Engineering Mechanics, Structures, Engineering Geology, Salerno, 3-5 giugno 2014. Energy, Mathematics and Computers in Science and Engineering, ISSN 2227-4588, 25, 162-171, WSEAS Press, ISBN 978-960-474-376-6.
 
Di Maio R., Fabbrocino S., Forte G., Piegari E., (2014)- A three-dimensional hydrogeological-geophysical model of a multi-layered aquifer in the coastal alluvial plain of Sarno River (southern Italy). Hydrogeology Journal, 22 (3), pp. 691-703, DOI: 10.1007/s10040-013-1087-8
 
Di Maio R., Piegari E., Todero G., Fabbrocino S., (2015). A combined use of Archie and van Genuchten models for predicting hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated pyroclastic soils. Journal of Applied Geophysics, 112, pp. 249-255. DOI: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2014.12.002
 
Di Martire D.,Ascione A., Calcaterra D., Pappalardo G., Mazzoli S., 2015. Quaternary deformation in SE Sicily: Insights into the life and cycles of forebulge fault systems. Lithosphere, published online on 6 July 2015 as doi:10.1130/L453.1.
 
Di Martire D.,Iglesias R., Monells D., Centolanza G., Sica S., Pagano L., Mallorquì J.J., Calcaterra D., 2014. Comparison between Differential SAR interferometry and ground measurements data in the displacement monitoring of the earth-dam of Conza della Campania (Italy). Remote Sensing of Environment 148C (2014), pp. 58-69, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2014.03.
 
Di Martire D., Novellino A., Ramondini M., Calcaterra D., 2016. A-Differential Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry analysis of a Deep Seated Gravitational Slope Deformation occurring at Bisaccia (Italy). Science of The Total Environment, Volume 550, 15 April 2016, Pages 556-573. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.01.102
 
Di Martire D.,Tessitore S., Brancato D., Ciminelli M.G., Costabile S., Costantini M., Graziano G.V., Minati F., Ramondini M., Calcaterra D., 2016. Landslide detection integrated system (LaDIS) based on in-situ and satellite SAR interferometry measurements. Catena 137 (2016) 406–421, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2015.10.002.
 
Fabbrocino G., Marra A., Savorra M., Fabbrocino S., Santucci de Magistris F., Rainieri C., Brigante D., Celiento A., (2016). Increasing the resilience of cultural heritage to earthquakes by knowledge enhancement: the lesson of the Carthusian heritage monastery in Trisulti. pp. 553-566. In RESILIENZA DELLE CITTÀ D’ARTE AI TERREMOTI - ENHANCING RESILIENCE OF HISTORIC CITIES TO EARTHQUAKES - ISBN:978-88-218-1141-8. In ATTI DEI CONVEGNI LINCEI - ISSN:0391-805X vol. 306
 
Fabbrocino S., Lanzano G., Forte G., Santucci de Magistris F., Fabbrocino G., (2015). SPT blow count vs. shear wave velocity relationship in the structurally complex formations of the Molise Region (Italy). Engineering Geology, 187, pp. 84-97, DOI: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2014.12.016
 
Fabbrocino S., Paduano P., Lanzano G., Forte G., Santucci de Magistris F., Fabbrocino, G., (2016). Engineering geology model for seismic vulnerability assessment of critical infrastructures. Geological Society Engineering Geology Special Publication, 27 (1), pp. 179-195, DOI: 10.1144/EGSP27.16
 
Fabbrocino S., Paduano P., Lanzano G., Forte G., Santucci de Magistris F., Fabbrocino G., (2014). Modellazione geologica e geotecnica ottimizzata nell’analisi NA-TECH degli insediamenti industriali. In Atti XXV CONVEGNO NAZIONALE DI GEOTECNICA- LA GEOTECNICA NELLA DIFESA DEL TERRITORIO E DELLE INFRASTRUTTURE DALLE CALAMITA¿ NATURALI, pp. 20-27, ISBN 9788897517054
 
Fiaschi S., Tessitore S., Bonì R., Di Martire D., Achilli V., Borgstrom S., Ibrahim A., Floris M., Meisina C., Ramondini M., Calcaterra D., (2016). From ERS-1/2 to Sentinel-1: two decades of subsidence monitored through A-DInSAR techniques in the Ravenna area (Italy), GIScience & Remote Sensing, DOI:10.1080/15481603.2016.1269404
 
Forte G., Fabbrocino S., De Magistris F.S., Silvestri F., Fabbrocino, G., (2015). Earthquake triggered landslides: The case study of a roadway network in Molise region (Italy). Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 2: Landslide Processes, pp. 765-768. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-09057-3_129
 
Forte G., Fabbrocino S., Fabbrocino G., Lanzano G., Santucci de Magistris F., Silvestri F., (2017). A geolithological approach to seismic site classification: an application to the Molise Region (Italy). Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, 15 (1), pp. 175-198, DOI: 10.1007/s10518-016-9960
 
Fusco F., De Vita P. (2015). Hydrological behavior of ash-fall pyroclastic soil mantled slopes of the Sarno Mountains (Campania - southern Italy). Rendiconti Online Società Geologica Italiana, 35, 148-151, doi: 10.3301/ROL.2015.86.
 
Infante D., Confuorto P., Di Martire D., Ramondini M., Calcaterra D. (2016). Use of DInSAR Data for Multi-level Vulnerability Assessment of Urban Settings Affected by Slow-moving and Intermittent Landslides. Procedia Engineering, 158, 470-475.
 
Manna F., Nimmo J.R., Allocca V., De Vita P. (2015) - Recharge in karst aquifers: from regional to local and annual to episodic scale. Rendiconti Online Società Geologica Italiana, 35, 196-199, doi: 10.3301/ROL.2015.99.
 
Mineo S., Calcaterra D., Perriello Zampelli S., Pappalardo G (2015). Application of Infrared Thermography for the survey of intensely jointed rock slopes. Rendiconti Online della Società Geologica Italiana, vol. 35, p. 212-215, ISSN: 2035-8008, doi: 10.3301/ROL.2015.103
 
Napolitano E., De Vita P., Fusco F., Allocca V., Manna F. (2015). Long-Term Hydrological Modelling of Pyroclastic Soil Mantled Slopes for Assessing Rainfall Thresholds Triggering Debris Flows: The Case of the Sarno Mountains (Campania-Southern Italy). Lollino G., Giordan D., Crosta G.B., Corominas J., Azzam R., Wasowski J., Sciarra N. (eds.), Engineering Geology for Society and Territory – Landslide Processes, 2, 1567-1570. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-09057-3_278, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
 
Napolitano E., Fusco F., Baum R.L., Godt J.W., De Vita  P. (2016) - Effect of antecedent-hydrological conditions on rainfall triggering of debris flows in ash-fall pyroclastic mantled slopes of Campania (southern Italy). Landslides, 13, 967-983. DOI: 10.1007/s10346-015-0647-5.
 
Napolitano E., Fusco F., De Vita P. (2016) - Control of hydrological seasonal variability of ash-fall pyroclastic deposits on rainfall triggering debris flows in Campania (Southern Italy). Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 16, 118-127.
Paduano P., Fabbrocino S., (2015). Assessment of environmental indexes in alluvial aquifer systems. Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 3: River Basins, Reservoir Sedimentation and Water Resources, pp. 399-403. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-09054-2_83
 
Pappalardo G., Mineo S., Perriello Zampelli S., Cubito A., Calcaterra D. (2016). InfraRed Thermography proposed for the estimation of the Cooling Rate Index in the remote survey of rock masses. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, vol. 83, p. 182-196, ISSN: 1365-1609, doi: 10.1016/j.ijrmms.2016.01.010
 
Perriello Zampelli S., De Vita P., Imbriaco D., Calcaterra D. (2015). Failure Mechanisms of the Mount Catiello Rock Avalanche in the Sorrento-Amalfi Peninsula (Southern Italy). Lollino G., Giordan D., Crosta G.B., Corominas J., Azzam R., Wasowski J., Sciarra N. (eds.), Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Landslide Processes, 2, 813-816. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-09057-3_139, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
 
Stellato L., Di Rienzo B., Di Fusco E., Rubino M., Marzaioli F., Allocca V., Salluzzo A., Rimauro J., Romano N., Celico F., 2016. Surface water – groundwater connectivity implications on nitrate cycling assessed by means of hydrogeologic and isotopic techniques in the Alento river basin (Salerno, Italy): preliminary data. Rend. Online Soc. Geol. It., Vol. 41 (2016), 80-83.